Sight Reading 101
Lines, Spaces and Ledger Lines
The musical staff is made up of horizontal lines and spaces. These lines and spaces are where the notes, and
other musical symbols are placed.
Each line and space has a name that consists of a single letter, identifying the notes which occur
on that particular line or space.
If a note occurs on a "G" line, the note is a G.
If a note occurs on an "F" space, it's an F.
Here are the names of the lines of the staff:
One way to remember the names of the lines, is that these letters are the first letters in each word
of the phrase: Every Good Boy Does Fine.
Here are the names of the spaces of the staff:
One way to remember the spaces of the staff, is that the letters spell the word:
F A C E.
Ledger lines are lines that extend below and above the original staff to display notes that are too
low or too high to appear on the staff itself.
You can figure out the names of the lines and spaces of the ledger lines by knowing the bottom,
and top, lines of the staff. Then just continue naming the notes in order as you go up, or down
into the ledger lines.
Studying the staff will help you to know that the bottom line is E. The space below that
would be D; the first ledger line down would be C; the space below that ledger line
would be B; the next ledger line down would be A; etc...
Studying the staff will help you to know that the top line is F. The space above that
would be G; the first ledger line up would be A; the space above that ledger line
would be B; the next ledger line up would be C; etc...
In the next lesson you'll see all the names of the notes that appear on the staff and in the ledger
lines. Just be
sure to understand the concepts mentioned above. That will help you in your reading. Again, the next
lesson will help you with this.
Course Directory |
The Staff |
Lines, Spaces and Ledger Lines |
Flash Cards I: Learning the Notes |
The Fret Board |
Reading Exercises On Each String |
Note and Rest Values |
Time Signatures |
Rhythm Exercises, Part I |
Triplets and Dotted Notes & Rests |
Rhythm Exercises, Part II |
Flash Cards II: Rhythm Values |
Rhythm Exercises, Part III |
Simple Melodies |
Glossary of Terms
Copyright 1999 T.A. Vieira, Jr.